On Average, it is normal to lose between 50-100 hairs a day. Extensive hair loss or thinning hair can be the result of poor diet, weight loss, certain medication and medical conditions, hormonal imbalances, stress, heredity, or damage from pulling of hair by hair extensions, hair straighteners or curlers. It is important to consult with a doctor for a full medical, to eliminate treatable medical conditions and to determine the possible cause for the hair loss.
Necessary at-home measures to avoid further hair loss include ensuring that a healthy balanced diet is followed with adequate protein, iron and fresh vegetables. B12, folate, zinc and vitamin D are important for healthy hair formation and a good multivitamin is thus also important. Exercise, yoga and meditation can help to manage stress levels. Regular shampooing is vital but avoid shampoos which contain harsh detergents or chemicals such as sodium lauryl sulphate. Use of a conditioner, helps to hydrate hair and prevents further breakage. Treat hair gently and avoid tension on strands. Thus the use of hair extensions, straighteners and curlers should be kept to a minimum with lower heat settings, if styling aids are used.
Dry hair shampoos can keep hair looking fuller for in-between washes and use of hair building fibres, such as Toppik®, help to realistically disguise thinning hair. Medicated shampoos are helpful with oral medication also available, such as Minoxodil, Finasteride or Dutasteride for severe or resistant cases. Mesotherapy scalp injections with vitamins and hyaluronic acid is an alternative natural treatment. Another option although costly, is hair transplantation which can offer very good results.